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Splash Fall 2018
Course Catalog


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Biological and Medical Sciences Chemical and Physical Sciences
Earth and Planetary Sciences Engineering
Humanities Life Skills and Hobbies
Lunch Mathematics and Computer Science
Physical Education Social Sciences
Visual and Performing Arts Walk-in Activity

Please note: while we consider this the "Final Course Catalog", changes may occur up to or even on the weekend of Splash Fall 2018.



Biological and Medical Sciences

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B6736: History of Molecular Biology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Catherine Stark

Come one come all to listen to the fascinating story of the history of molecular biology. We will embark on a journey to understand some of the key experiments that elucidated the central dogma and formed the framework for current understanding of how life works at the molecular level.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
curiosity! wonder! excitement!

B6905: Intro to Psychiatry: Let’s talk about Mental Health
Difficulty: *

Mental health is an important component of overall health, and in this course we will go through how mental health affects other aspects of your health. Learn about the issue from the perspective of a healthcare provider, such as how to screen for mental health concerns, and what services mental health professionals can provide.

We hope this course will be an informative introduction to mental health, and how it affects individuals and our communities.


Class Style
Seminar

B6667: Molecular Imaging of Cancer
Difficulty: **

Molecular Imaging emerged in the early twenty-first century as a discipline at the intersection of molecular biology and in vivo imaging. It enables the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms without perturbing them. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging, an important molecular imaging technique which produces a three-dimensional image or picture of functional processes in the body. The theory behind PET is simple enough. Briefly, tracking molecule need to tagged with a positron emitting isotope and followed by scan the body with PET-CT. PET imaging have many advantages. The most important is its sensitivity: a typical PET scanner can detect between 10−11 mol/L to 10−12 mol/L concentrations. Dr. Arutselvan Natarajan, Stanford staff scientist will give an overview of PET which is key imaging modality for cancer staging and therapy.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
10-12 grades

B6670: Designer Babies and Genetic Counseling
Difficulty: **

Curious or concerned about genetic engineering? In Designer Babies and Genetic Counseling, we will talk about CRISPR-Cas9, it’s potential impact on humanity, and what part genetic counselors play into the discussion.


Class Style
Discussion

B6662: Optical Illusions Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hannah Kim

Have you ever been fooled by an optical illusion? Have you ever wondered if what you see is what is really there? Our eyes and brain have interesting abilities to help us perceive the world around us, but sometimes we can be tricked due to these same abilities. In this class we'll explore some well-known optical illusions and learn about why they might work.


Class Style
Discussion

B6744: There’s a Flamingo in My Genes: Genetic Mutants 101
Difficulty: **

Did you know you have a gene in your DNA called Sonic hedgehog? And one called Spock? It’s not just because biologists have a good sense of humor- these names actually can tell us a lot about what a gene does! In this class you will learn how biologists use mutants with awesome names to make important discoveries, and how they give genes their names in the first place. You will also practice identifying and naming mutants, and well as creating you own!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Familiarity with basic DNA concepts is helpful but not required!

B6747: From science fair volcanoes to nobel prizes: everything that high school doesn’t tell you about being a scientist
Difficulty: **

How does science allow us to understand everything from atoms to galaxies?
Why does the scientific method apply to the study of both living things and inanimate objects?
How do we actually know if a scientific finding is real or not?
Who pays for science and where does science happen?

These are some of the questions that don’t always get answered directly in a high school science class. For example, our high school science courses were focused on a few textbooks full of memorizable facts and a science fair with too many model volcanoes. How does this experience of science compare to the research that happens in Stanford labs every day?

We are two neuroscience graduate students here to tell you all of the “insider info” we wish we could go back in time and tell our younger selves when we first became interested in biology. Our goal is to give you a better understanding of how the scientific process builds our understanding of the world, how science as an institution fits into our society, how to join it if you want to, and how it affects your life whether you become a scientist or not.


Class Style
Discussion

B6788: Introduction to Glycans
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Kayvon Pedram

You're familiar with proteins (polypeptides) and DNA/RNA (polynucleotides), but how much do you know about glycans (polysaccharides)? They are the third fundamental biopolymer and are involved in nearly every biological process you can imagine, from viral life cycles to cancer progression. Come and learn more about these amazing yet understudied molecules.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Introductory biology

B6832: Introduction to Environmental Microbiology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Wenyu Gu

This course introduces basic principles of microbiology and emphasizes the importance of microbes on the biosphere and human life.

We will begin by discussing the roles of microbes in the evolution of life. Then, we will discuss the distribution and the functional diversity of microorganisms in the environment in relation to ecosystem health and human welfare. Lastly, we will explore current developments in biotechnology that apply microbiology to sustainable lives.


Class Style
Lecture

B6894: Biological Breakthroughs
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joshua Eggold

CRISPR, PCR, SDS-PAGE, FISH, RFLP, IF, CyTOF, MIBI, ATAC-seq, ChIP, ACT, CAR. From this list of biological techniques, you can probably tell that scientists really like acronyms! But what else can these techniques tell us? This class will provide an overview of groundbreaking biological techniques that have been developed within the last few decades, with a focus on why they are so useful. We will also spend time discussing the future potentials of biological research to improve our lives. If you’re interested in biology, scientific research, love to think creatively, or want to learn about some awesome technology, this class is for you!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Understanding of basic biological principles (cells, DNA, protein)

B6631: Cancer 101 Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jason Rodencal

Ever wondered what cancer is, and how it works? Where does it come from and why is it so hard to treat? Register to learn about the disease that affects millions of people every year. This class will be accessible for people who have no knowledge of cancer, so folks at all biology comprehension levels are welcome!


Class Style
Discussion

B6728: The Science of Drug Delivery Full!

What do popping boba and medicine have in common? Come find out in this hands-on class, where we'll learn about different strategies for targeted drug delivery. As a class, we'll make and test out a few formulations of coatings and spheres to see what works best in different regions of the body. We'll even get to make and eat our own boba at the end!


Class Style
Activity

B6746: The afterlife of bones - introduction to animal/human osteology and taphonomy
Difficulty: **

Come to see our skeletons in the closet! Learn what is happening with bones after the organism's death, bones' structure, function, and how bones can help scientists to learn about the past.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Caution: real animal bones used in the class.

B6621: Bird Senses: Vision and Hearing (10-12)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rebecca Shi

How similar are bird senses to human senses? What adaptations give falcons such acute vision? How can owls pinpoint prey using only their hearing? How do we even know the answers to these questions?

In this class, we'll try to understand the world from a bird's point of view, with a focus on vision and hearing. We'll study the structures of bird sensory organs and explore the experiments that led to our current understanding of bird perception. Come learn about the fascinating world of birds!


Class Style
Lecture

B6725: The Science and Philosophy of Consciousness
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Quentin Chi

It is possible to surgically cut the two hemispheres of your brain in half. In fact, doing so is a last resort treatment for epilepsy. But your left and right hemisphere can no longer communicate--each brain will have its own perceptions, concepts, emotions and impulses. It seems as if you have two brains, and two consciousness, residing in one body. Is this possible? What does it mean to be conscious, and can consciousness really be split in half? How does science approach the subject, and how can philosophy contribute to our understanding of the mind? Through examining and discussing famous experiments in neuroscience and philosophy, we will grapple with one of the most mysterious and fundamental questions of life.


Class Style
Seminar

B6855: We've All Got Herpes - An Intro to Virology Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Isabella Duan

Did you know that we all have herpes? In order to enroll in school, you were vaccinated for chickenpox. Chickenpox is a virus of the herpesviridae family, and after an initial attack from the immune stystem, it lies dormant in your body for basically your whole life! So though you may not have herpes in the sense that you’d imagined, you do technically have herpes!

Want to learn more about herpes and other viruses? Sign up for this class where we'll use hands-on models to learn about viral structure and function!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Biology background

B6872: Life on Earth: A Brief History
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Life on Earth has been around for approximately 3.5 billion years. That's a incredible amount of time and a lot has happened to life over the eons. We'll be doing a *very* quick overview of the history of life on Earth and covering some of the most interesting epochs on our planet!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Intro Biology will help in understanding fundamental concepts covered in the lecture

B6757: The Science of Diabetes
Difficulty: **

We've all heard about how "you're not you when you're hungry", but how does the body actually respond to a Snickers bar? And what happens when this response does not occur normally? If these questions interest you or you love sugar, join us as we explore the science of diabetes! Framed by this fascinating disease, our class will discuss genetics, physiology, epidemiology, and new cutting edge diagnostics research. Students will have the opportunity to participate in demonstrations illustrating key concepts for diabetes. It'll be a sweet time!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
High school biology

B6771: Breaking Bones: A Look into Osteoporosis
Difficulty: **

Worldwide, Osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds...ouch. In this class, we will answer questions like: What is Osteoporosis? How does it affect the human body? How can we prevent it?


Class Style
Activity

B6874: Speciation: Classifying the Biological World
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Ligers, Tigons, and wholphins, oh my! The concept of species has been used since the early days of biology to classify the natural world around us. However, we are ever coming to realize designating one species from another is not as easy as it first appears.

We will be talking about what makes a species, where our classifications break down, hybrid species, and the human species


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Introduction to Biology

B6581: Becoming a veterinarian
Difficulty: **

I never thought about becoming a veterinarian until college, heck, neither of my parents even went to college. But it is never too late! Come get information about different schools, pitfalls and traps, and life as a new veterinarian!


Class Style
Seminar

B6630: Seeing and Believing: An Introduction to Schizophrenia and Psychosis
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Mia Leonard

In this class, we'll be exploring what exactly it means to have schizophrenia, what kinds of symptoms are present in the disease, and will be discussing the appearance of psychosis in literature and politics.


Class Style
Lecture

B6647: Save a Life: CPR and Basic Life-Saving Skills Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tejas Athni

Through interactive lectures and hands-on activities, we will learn basic anatomy & physiology, recognize the signs of cardiac arrest and other emergencies, and acquire cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other basic life-saving skills. At the end of the course, students will be equipped with the knowledge to save a life during an array of medical emergencies.


Class Style
Activity

B6769: The What, How, and Why of Vaccines Full!
Difficulty: **

Do you ever wonder what's in that flu shot your doctor gives you? How does it prevent you from getting sick? Does it always prevent you from getting sick? Find out about the cool developments that lead to vaccines and what's inside of them.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None

B6632: Birds - Those Feathered Phenoms
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lucas Pavan

How do birds meet the unique challenges of their everyday lives like finding food, attracting mates, coping with the changing seasons, and even just taking to the air in the first place? Why are they so hard to understand, and what tools can we use to learn more about their behaviour? We will use pictures and videos to discover some of the diverse and spectacular ways in which birds have evolved to survive on every continent. Although our exploration will take us around the globe, we will also include local Californian birds that you can find in your own neighbourhood.


Class Style
Lecture

B6761: Mendel: Why was he so great?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chantal Akerib

We had been breeding plants and animals, selecting for desirable traits, for thousands of years before we knew how those traits were transmitted from parents to their children.

Mendel made a ground breaking discovery of the laws of inheritance in the 1860s. We will learn the secrets of Mendel's success and why Mendel is still relevant today.


Class Style
Lecture

B6772: The Liver: An Epic Multitasker Full!

Did you know that the liver is the 2nd largest organ in the body and performs 500 different functions? In this class, we are going to dive into the wonders of the liver, how you can keep it healthy, and what happens when you don't.


Class Style
Activity

B6573: The Tree of Everything - Do all species share the same common ancestor? Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chao Jiang

All living species today share the same common ancestor, or so you were told at school (hopefully). What evidences, besides the "unreliable" fossil records, do we scientist have to support this? The secret lies in the essence of all living species on earth (and maybe somewhere else in the universe, we are not sure yet) -- the DNA.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Somewhat familiar with the theory of evolution and DNA. A curious and open mind if you don't :)

B6737: Introduction to Electrocardiograms (EKG) Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Luis Arreola

Why can't you just shock someone back to life like they do in medical shows? What do those waves mean on the heart monitor? Want to learn actual medical procedures and diagnostics instead of hearing about it from others?

This intro to EKG class will focus on the basic electrophysiology of the heart, applications of the EKG, and basic waveform identification. We will be using a portable electrocardiograph to look at heart waves in real time and use the knowledge we have learned to interpret the rhythm.

This class is primarily geared to beginners and students with no prior experience or knowledge in medicine; all are welcome!


Class Style
Lecture

B6783: Brain Myth Busters
Difficulty: **

Do you really only use 10% of your brain? Are larger brains smarter brains? Do you perceive the world as it really is? The human brain is a remarkably complex organ, which is still poorly understood. In this class we will take a closer look at popular myths about the human brain and try to distinguish truth from fiction. After a short introduction, in small groups, students will research a myth and try to figure out where does it come from, what evidence is there in support of or contradicting the myth, what is the kernel of truth, and why does the myth remain so popular? In the end, we will reconvene in the larger class and each group will share their newly gained insight.


Class Style
Activity

B6871: CRISPR & Genome Engineering
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Whether or not you've heard of it before, CRISPR/Cas9 is revolutionizing the biological world. I'll cover a short history of genome engineering, how the CRISPR/Cas9 system works, and applications of this amazing biological tool!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
First year biology

B6883: Mushroom Mania! Full!
Difficulty: **

What do cheese, zombie ants and the biggest, oldest living thing have in common? Fungi! Mushrooms are the part of the a fungus that we see, but they're just the tip of the iceberg. Most of the action takes place out of sight.

Come learn about the hidden world of fungi in this interactive course. You will learn about the ecology, evolution, and human uses of fungi, and will get hands-on practice identifying mushrooms on your own!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None

B6781: ~Hot~ Topics in Global Health: The Effects of Climate Change Full!
Difficulty: **

We know that climate change may cause melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and increased coastal flooding around the world. However, have you ever wondered what role it plays in affecting the sanitation quality and health of billions around the world? Come join Partners in Health Engage at Stanford in a discussion about the often overlooked health consequences of global warming. Learn about what we can do to mitigate those effects, and how you can get involved and make a difference in the public health sector.


Class Style
Discussion

B6863: Microscopy Techniques used in Biology Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Vivek Gupta

Biologists, physicists, and engineers are developing more advanced tools to analyze the vast array of processes vital to cell function. We will discuss a few of these techniques and the principles behind them such as fluorescence, atomic force microscopy and traction force microscopy.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Highschool or middle school biology

B6865: Why Should We Study Rare Diseases?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Giovanni Forcina

Rare diseases are defined as diseases that affect 620 people per 1 million people in a population. Ultra-rare diseases affect on 20 people per 1 million. In this course, we will cover the challenges of studying such rare ailments and focus on how a biological understanding of these diseases can lead to big insights into normal biology and the biology of more common diseases, like cancer.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A basic understanding of the molecules that make up cells will be useful, but not necessary.

B6873: Life on Earth: The Beginning
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Life on Earth has been around for approximately 3.5 billion years, but how did it all start?? In this class, we'll explore the origins of life on Earth and the fundamental evolutionary events that are responsible for the complexity of the living world around us!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Intro Biology will help in understanding fundamental concepts covered in the lecture

B6780: Chasing Coral Full!
Difficulty: **

Coral reefs cover less than 1% of the ocean floor, but have up to 25% of all marine biodiversity. They bring in billions of dollars through tourism and fisheries! Come learn about coral reefs, how they have been impacted by climate change, and ways people are trying to protect them.

The class will include hands-on activities on coral bleaching and coral natural “sunscreen”. The class will also show video clips from the Netflix documentary “Chasing Coral”.


Class Style
Activity

B6858: Cool animals and how they got to be that way
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Connor Hogan

In this class, we will be looking at different animals with especially crazy evolutionary histories. We will discuss patterns of evolution and how they contribute to unique animal behavior that we see today. Students of this class will learn about the underlying mechanisms of evolution and leave with some specific examples of awesome animal evolutionary pasts.


Class Style
Discussion

B6779: From the Micro to Macro: DNA and Beyond
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Aris Kare

Come learn about DNA and how it plays more of an important role in your everyday life than you may think.


Class Style
Seminar

B6836: Well, We Can't Just Flip A Coin: Ethics and Choices in Medicine
Difficulty: *

Do patients have a right to bad news? How should medical professionals decide who gets medication when there isn't enough to go around? What strategies can we use to make tough calls and understand complex scenarios? Come explore these and other curative conundrums as we introduce some of the ethical issues faced in medicine and discuss how we can determine what the best solution is.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
No medical or ethical knowledge necessary!

B6785: Epigenetics 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sarah Lensch

What is epigenetics and how does it affect cells and organisms? Learn about the molecular basis of epigenetic modifications and its implications in diseases such as cancer.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic understanding of cell biology and the central dogma of biology (DNA-> RNA -> protein)

B6742: What's in the dinner tonight? A Primer on the Science of Food and Agriculture
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Pranjal Yadava

Food and agriculture impact us all. As a consumer, we are concerned about the quality and origin of the food that we eat. In the post-modern world, consumers worldwide are increasingly yearning for more "natural" food- organically grown, no genetic modification, less synthetic preservatives, locally sourced and a plethora of individual preferences. How deep is our understanding of the agriculture? How is farming actually done? How agriculture has transformed humanity and how humanity is now transforming agriculture? Is the world well fed?
This course is designed for high school students interested in issues of food and agriculture. The course traces the history and current status of agriculture, its global diversity and the changing agricultural technology. It's a fun class interspersed with group activities and discussions.The emphasis is on science-based and evidence-led discourse for enabling learners to think and engage in informed debates and stimulate them to possibly consider a career in international agricultural development.


Class Style
Seminar

B6760: Genetic inheritance with Reebops
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chantal Akerib

We will explore Mendel's laws of inheritance by breeding Reebops. Reebops are fantastical marshmallow creatures with several traits, such as straight or curly tails, that are inherited according to Mendel's laws.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Anyone can take the class, but you'll get more out of it if you're already a little bit familiar with Mendelian genetics. If you haven't already studied genetics in your science classes, you can get helpful background in the Splash class "Mendel: Why was he so great?", or you can read about Mendel and his experiments, or you can watch a video online. I recommend the YouTube video "Mendelian Genetics and Punnett Squares" in the series "Professor Dave Explains".

B6901: Mind and Body: How Your Mind Makes It Real
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Can a sugar-pill cause morphine release? Can hypnosis cure blindness? Can looks kill (literally)? Can getting shot not hurt?

We'll talk about old history and new science developing around "mind-body" medicine, how your mind and brain affect your body in really interesting ways. We'll meet people with paralysis who can regain their movement, and blind people can regain their sight by the power of words. We'll see how the brain can produce pain completely independently of any "physical" cause.

We'll discuss theories of how the brain might be involved in diseases like fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome.

If that's not enough, you'll learn about ritual executions that rely on the victim's expectation, and soldiers in WWII who get shot but don't seem to mind.

In short, we'll explore the strange and perplexing frontier where Mind meets Body.


Class Style
Lecture


Chemical and Physical Sciences

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C6862: Polymer Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Holden Lai

Polymers are fascinating materials that can be found everywhere in our daily lives. From the plastics we buy at the store to the skin on our bones, polymers come in all shapes and sizes. Due to their interesting and special properties, polymers have many applications, from flexible materials to electronic devices to complex fluids. In this short course, taught by the Stanford Polymer Collective, we'll learn about polymers through fun hands-on activities that highlight some of their most interesting and exciting properties.


Class Style
Activity

C6876: A single molecule: the smallest thing you can see
Difficulty: ***

Have you ever wondered what a molecule looks like? In this course, we’ll learn how we can use an optical microscope to see individual molecules. To understand how this works, we’ll learn about lenses and look at what all the parts of a microscope do. Then, we’ll explore the concept of diffraction and how it affects what we see in the microscope. We’ll see how some molecules radiate light by a process called fluorescence, and how we can use that light to see a single molecule even though it’s surrounded by millions of other molecules. Finally, we’ll learn about a Nobel Prize-winning technique called super-resolution imaging, which combines all these big ideas to look at biological structures like DNA, mitochondria, and the cell membrane one molecule at a time.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Introductory course in chemistry or physics

C6749: Sweet Science
Difficulty: **

Come learn the fundamentals of chemistry using your favorite candies! Learn how Skittles, chocolate, and other treats can teach us about polarity, density, and solubility.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Please note that the candies used in these experiments may contain common allergens, such as nuts, milk, and wheat.

C6754: The Physics of Fish
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lauren Riddiford

How do fish hang out at one spot in the water? How does scuba diving work? We'll talk about the physics behind all this and other ocean-related things.


Class Style
Lecture

C6668: Rain From Space: Cosmic Rays
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Adam Scherlis

The Earth is constantly being hit by high-energy particles from space. Although invisible to the eye, these "cosmic rays" hit the atmosphere and erupt into a shower of lighter partices, which can be seen by specialized, ground-based detectors. These muons in these cosmic rays have been some of the most energetic particles we have ever seen. In this class, we will discuss cosmic rays, and from them learn about both particle physics and astrophysics.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
While there are no formal prerequisites (other than a desire to learn!), past students have suggested that some familiarity with physics is helpful. In particular, concepts like conservation laws will appear in the lecture, and while I will certainly introduce them, seeing these for the first time can be intimidating.

C6715: Fun With Chemistry Full!

Chemistry is exciting and it happens all around us every day. In this class we will talk about the states of matter, a little about polymers (like plastics), and really anything else that gives us a chance to do cool demos for you all! You may get a chance to make a souvenir to take home, too. You'll just have to come and find out!


Class Style
Activity

C6748: It’s Elementary, Watson: Forensic Chemistry Full!

O H , S Na P! Something’s gone wrong in the Stanford chemistry labs! We can’t find our beloved Professor Gen Hydro and there’s evidence everywhere of trickery afoot. We need your help! You have 50 minutes to find out what’s happened before the culprit strikes again. You will solve a series of chemistry-related problems to identify the perpetrator. Once you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.


Class Style
Activity

C6789: Physics of Paper Airplanes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eric Cooper

Have you ever wondered what makes a paper airplane fly? In this hands-on class we will learn how the physics of lift, drag and stability determine what makes some paper airplanes fly well while others tumble to the ground. We will see these concepts in action as we build our own paper airplanes and discover how to make them fly long and far.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Some knowledge of Force and Pressure helpful, but not required.

C6870: Computational Chemistry
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Archana Verma

When you think of chemistry, you probably think of brightly colored chemicals, cool reactions, and potentially some explosions. But what about doing chemistry...without actually stepping foot in the lab? How can we simulate chemical reactions and chemical systems on computers to learn about a system before conducting experiments? What can simulations allow us to do that experiments can't? This class will explore the intersection between chemistry, physics, and computer science to explain fundamental research questions in chemistry.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No existing knowledge necessary! Some basic chemistry/physics (not even AP level) would be helpful, but not required!

C6881: The Science of Color
Difficulty: ***

Where does color come from? In our everyday lives, we get color just by adding dyes, pigments, and inks to things, but have you ever wondered how we get those colors in the first place? We'll first examine color at the molecular level in the dyes and pigments we use everyday. Next, we'll explore how pearls and peacock feathers get their beautiful iridescent colors and play around with how the effect works. Come learn how color works all around us!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
High school chemistry

C6576: Black Holes, Dimensionality, and Imaginary Time
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Diego Celis

Ever wondered how black holes work? Why do they do the things they do, and what do they actually do? What's a singularity, and why are they important?

Or perhaps you've wondered about what our world is made out of. How many dimensions are there, and how do they work? What is the heart of our space made out of?

And imaginary time?! What is that?

Well, if any or all of these topics interest you, then you're in for a treat. This class will give you a solid introduction and understanding of how our world works and the tools we can use to study theoretical physics and the cosmos.

This class will be challenging, but if you are at least the tiny bit interested please attend! I can most definitely work with you and ensure you leave Stanford with a comprehensive understanding of the material. I look forward to meeting you!

NOTE: this class will not take up the entire 105min block. You'll be dismissed early, but feel free to stay to ask questions.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Integral and differential calculus. Physics I and preferably preliminary understanding of AP Physics C. Multivariate differentials preferred, but not required.

C6721: An Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ryan Linehan

All of matter is made from elementary particles that are smaller than atoms. But wait, if these particles are so small, how can we possibly study them?

This class is an introduction to how physicists detect and study subatomic and elementary particles. We'll first discuss some properties of different subatomic particles and how they interact with each other. Following that, we'll use the LArIAT detector at Fermilab as a case study of detector techniques and technology.

All high-school ages and above welcome.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Some basic knowledge about electromagnetism and chemistry is good, but it's not absolutely required.

C6860: An Introduction to Electromagnetism: How Magnets, Electricity, and Radio Waves are the Same Thing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Justin Rose

A crash course in (classical) electromagnetism that starts at how small charges interact with one another and ends with why electromagnetic waves happen. The class will be primarily concept-based. No background knowledge required!


Class Style
Lecture

C6726: Make polymer capsules

Make polymer-based, self-assembled capsules! Learn that self-assembly is a process by which molecules and cells form themselves into functional structures, and that self-assembly is used to make nanosized capsules that can deliver medication, and many more uses.


Class Style
Activity

C6833: Basics of Special Relativity
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Brandon Sandoval

Einstein's theory of special relativity is based off two basic principles: the speed of light is always the same, and physics is the same in every inertial frame. In this class, we will discuss and show how these assumptions lead to time dilation, length contraction, and the loss of simultaneity. By the end of class, you will be able to solve the famous "pole-barn" paradox, and gain some intuition into the most famous formula in physics: E=mc^2.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Strong algebra skills and familiarity with mechanics will be useful when we derive relativistic quantities, but definitely not necessary to learn about the effects of relativity!

C6884: CSI: Stanford - A crash course in forensics
Difficulty: ***

Do you watch crime shows on TV? Do you ever wish you could get your hands on some evidence and try to catch the crook yourself? Here’s your chance! Students will be given a crash course in the basics of forensic science, then asked to identify evidence samples from the crime scene. Compare them with evidence from three suspects, and give your verdict to the police.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic lab skills are preferable, common sense a must. Curiosity and an open mind are key!

C6582: Chemistry & Renewable Energy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Peter Csernica

Lean some of the ways that chemistry can provide us with renewable energy today & in the future! We will focus on two electrochemical devices: batteries and fuel cells. You will learn the very basics of how they work, and we will discuss their similarities and differences. Class will include a working mini-Fuel Cell Car as a demo!

Class will focus mostly on understanding the basics of how both devices operate, and should be accessible to anyone with an interest in learning more! Will be an interactive lecture.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
An interest in learning more about the subject.

C6708: An Introduction to Quantum Biology: The Quantum Mechanics Governing Life
Difficulty: *****
Teachers: Yağmur Erhan

When it comes to the physical scales in which they can the phenomena of, biology and quantum mechanics are the two opposite extremes. Yet it turns out that in order to explain some macro-level biological phenomena like photosynthesis, bacteria colonisation, human cognition and even love, the understanding of biology, chemistry and even Newtonian (classical physics) is simply not enough. Sometimes in biology,it turns out that, the greater picture is simply the collective of the individual behaviours of tiny atoms and even sub-atomic particles it is composed of. Established on this principle, this class will try to provide a re-interpretation of various biological phenomena through the conceptual basis of quantum mechanics. We will examine how various physical aspects, such as energy efficiency, of various biological processes are made possible through quantum mechanics.
**This class will not take all of 105 minutes. We will have some time at the end for discussion and questions, which you will be welcomed to stay!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
**All beginners are welcomed! (This is a VERY new field so no-one really knows about it :) ) Preferred: None to intermediate understanding of photosynthesis and nervous system.. At least, a conceptual understanding of some of the primary concepts in quantum mechanics like a wave function or wave-particle duality. (Conceptually, not mathematically)

C6770: Optics IRL

We will teach about different properties of light and demonstrate how they result in different phenomena in our world.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
some electromagnetism background may help but just careful observation of the world around you is enough

C6790: Introduction to Scanning Electron Microscopy
Difficulty: ***

Beyond the capability of the human eye, there exists an entire landscape accessible only through microscopes. Join us for an exploration of the invisible world at the nanoscale through scanning electron microscopy (SEM)!

In this class, we will cover the basic physics and functionality of this powerful tool and compare it to traditional optical microscopes. We will take a field trip to the Stanford Nano Shared Facilities to visit the SEM and image some samples. Get excited to see everyday objects, such as hair, in a whole new light!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Basic understanding of what an electron is


Earth and Planetary Sciences

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R6831: The 4.5-billion-year history of the Earth in 45 minutes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Pontifex

When you spin a globe, you see the same oceans and continents that have defined the world since the dawn of civilization. It's tempting to think they've been there all along. This geology and paleontology class will take you back -- WAY back -- to a time before humans, before dinosaurs, even. You'll learn about cataclysmic events, extreme environments, life and the mass extinctions that challenged it. Earth has been home to entire worlds you didn't know existed. Once you see the big picture, you will feel wonderfully small.


Class Style
Lecture

R6730: Water is for fighting over
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hassaan Khan

Should water be released from a reservoir to generate electricity or be stored and used later for agriculture? Should river flows be maintained to preserve ecosystems or does domestic water consumption take precedence?

In this activity based class, you will put on the hat of a water manager and make decisions to the questions above. We'll learn about the different ways we use water and how these uses can be in conflict. This class will give you a greater appreciation of water, and the challenges of managing this precious resource.


Class Style
Activity

R6794: Designing a Sustainable Life
Difficulty: **

From personal choices to hobbies, diet to activism, from housing to commuting and travel, the choices we make everyday impact our environment. What does it mean to live sustainably, and how do we balance sustainable choices with satisfying ones? Through games and discussion, this class aims at exploring what choices we can make that help us achieve our own personal balances between sustainability and comfort.


Class Style
Discussion

R6663: Climate Change: Why Should I Care?
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Daniel Jacobson

The Earth's climate is warming at an unprecedented rate, and humans are to blame. The consequences of this warming have already been felt across the world and will continue to worsen as the planet warms. This class will explore the science behind the causes and effects of modern climate change, as well as practical solutions ordinary people can incorporate into their daily lives to help reduce their carbon footprint.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic Chemistry

R6727: The Search for Life in the Universe
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Are we alone in the universe? How can we know? If we do find life, where can we find it and what will it look like? Will it be microbial or multi-cellular? Will life on other planets even have cells?

In this class we'll discuss these questions and the modern attempts to answer them in a brief overview of the Search for Life in the Universe!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
basic biology (recommended)


Engineering

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E6707: Warp Speed Ahead: The Physics of Spacecraft Propulsion
Difficulty: ***

From the Enterprise’s Warp Drive to the Millennium Falcon’s Hyperspace Drive, faster than light travel is an integral part of every science fiction story. Although humanity can’t travel faster than the speed of light yet, we’ve come far in our understanding of spacecraft propulsion.

This course describes the different techniques that have been used to propel spacecraft, from explosive rocket engines to plasma-powered hall thrusters. We will then discuss future methods of space transportation and explore the challenges associated with traveling faster than the speed of light.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
All are welcome to take this class, but a previous knowledge of physics would be helpful. Concepts such as momentum and electric fields will be discussed throughout the course. An open mind will also be helpful as we'll be discussing special relativity.

E6877: Motorcycles and Mechanisms Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joe Johnson

We’ll be taking apart my 1964 Honda Dream motorcycle and exploring how it works.

Students will get hands on experience taking things apart and putting them back together.

Here’s a picture of a motorcycle similar to mine: http://www.rcycle.com/Ken_Fisher_Honda_305_Dream_068_cropped_op_800x512.jpg


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Be Hands-On

E6750: Soft Robotics Full!
Difficulty: **

Soft robots are changing the world, and are huggable! Come build soft robots, or robots powered by air, that are good at being around humans and interacting with the world around them. There will be a short lecture, followed by hands on robot building challenges.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None.

E6864: The Solar Strategy: Powering the World in the 21st Century

Want to learn how solar panels work? Wondered how to make solar flexible? Interested in next-generation solar technologies? Join the Stanford Energy Club’s Splash Class: The Solar Strategy. We will be examining solar energy and its potential for scalable green energy around the globe!


Class Style
Lecture

E6719: Hack Your Notebook Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jenny Han, Kim Anh Ngo

Students engage in hands-on projects to reinvent traditional notebooks and create an original programmed paper circuitry project. Using introductory programming electronics, circuitry, and art supplies, students design and prototype a notebook made alive with beautiful electronics.


Class Style
Activity

E6829: Solar Panel Phone Chargers
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Dhara Yu, Sicheng Zeng

Learn about renewable energy technologies and the electrical engineering principles behind solar panels and diodes, then apply your newfound knowledge by building your own portable USB charger in this hands-on lab-style class!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None

E6738: Automotive Transmissions and Drivetrains
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Luis Arreola

How can a car reach speeds of 200+ mph and still be controllable? How can a 3,000 lb hunk of metal even accelerate uphill? How can a trailer weighing over 100,000 pounds even move forward? The answer lies within transmissions, gear ratios, and drivetrains.

This short course will go over basic transmission operation and theory, speed and torque theory of gearing ratios, and how the drivetrain system in a vehicle can make your slow Corolla pick up speed crazy fast or make your 1200+ HP Bugatti Chiron slow as molasses. No previous experience required.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Some previous knowledge in automotive systems will be helpful, but not required.

E6643: What makes virtual reality work
Difficulty: **
Teachers: MANIKANTA KOTARU

You will experience and understand different components that makes up virtual reality devices today. You will also gain exposure to several hacks that our brain plays to create the reality that we perceive.


Class Style
Lecture

E6841: Designing Sustainable Transit
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alexander Li

Ever wonder why Transit Agencies put bus routes where they do? Or why BART doesn't connect with Silicon Valley? Explore a brief introduction into how we put mass transit on the map, how it doesn't function, and how to make it better.


Class Style
Seminar

E6618: Build Your Own Speaker Full!
Difficulty: **

Each student will build a simple styrofoam cup speaker. We will learn about sound, audio signals, how speakers work, and basic circuits. This class is run by the Stanford Women in Electrical Engineering group.


Class Style
Activity

E6764: The New Space Age- where Entrepreneurship and Rocket Science collide
Difficulty: **

The space industry is in a renaissance. Thanks to the likes of Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, Richard Branson and hundreds of other entrepreneurs across the industry, it is easier than ever to get to space and new technologies are continuing to push the limits of what spacecraft are capable of doing. In this class you will learn more about some of the latest developments in the space industry and try your hand at developing your own idea for a space company.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
A basic knowledge of the space industry is recommended though not necessary.

E6762: Intro to Web Development
Difficulty: **

Workshop based class in which students learn the basics of HTML/CSS and create a website using the skills that they have learned. Chromebooks will be provided.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Bring a laptop if you are able to

E6784: Design thinking with paper and eggs
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Irina Sthapit

Students will be working in pairs to understand basic concept of design thinking. For this activity, students will be given materials like A4 paper and eggs and some time to do a specific time-bound activity with the materials provided.

Throughout the process, students will also learn the importance of 21st Century skills like collaboration, communication, creativity.


Class Style
Activity

E6850: Mobile App Design
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Leon Bi, Katherine Wu

Do you have the idea for the next Instagram? Spotify? Flappy Bird? Come learn basic programming skills and create your own app for your phone! No experience required.


Class Style
Activity

E6866: What is electronic skin? Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jooyeun Ham

Robots are becoming more and more human-like. They are jumping, tumbling and getting artificial intelligence. However robots still can not be our friend due to the loss of the tactile sense. Then, what if we make electronic skin for robot? The electronic skin will help prevent robots from crushing us! Let's learn what kind of electronic skins for robot are developed and share a great idea to make robots our friend-like.


Class Style
Seminar

E6578: An Introduction to Earthquake Engineering
Difficulty: **

Earthquakes are one of Earth's most devastating phenomena. Come to learn about earthquake mechanisms and design of structures in earthquake prone areas (like California) and experience shaking first hand!
The class will cover the basic physics behind structural earthquake engineering design; the focus will be on explaining concepts through demonstrations.


Class Style
Lecture

E6897: Walking: It's not a walk in the park
Difficulty: **

In our everyday lives, we think very little about how we move. Even toddlers, when learning how to walk, seem to do so without specific instructions. However, even the most advanced robots cannot recreate realistic human locomotion, and assistive devices like exoskeletons and prostheses are limited in their abilities. In this course, we will discuss the basic mechanics and neuroscience behind walking, current state of the art robotic assistive devices, and the limitations faced in developing them further. Come learn why scientists are still baffled by something as simple as walking.


Class Style
Seminar

E6661: Materials Gone Wrong!

It's a bad day if your phone screen cracks, but it's something else entirely if your airplane falls out of the sky. Learn about the science and engineering behind materials failures in history through demonstrations and hands-on experiments. Emphasis on HANDS-ON demonstrations, not a boring lecture! We'll experience first-hand how liquid metals can catastrophically destroy structural materials in applications like space exploration and aerospace. We'll explore how many materials can change dramatically with changes in structure, temperature, and other conditions. You'll walk away from this class with greater knowledge of the atomic structure of materials and a deeper appreciation for the diverse properties of the materials that surround our everyday life.


Class Style
Activity

E6729: Introduction to Catalysis: Enabling the Reactions That Run the World
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sam Dull, David Koshy

Catalysts play a central role in enabling the reactions that sustain our bodies, our machines, and even our lawns. Come learn how these fascinating substances are central to some of the world’s most useful processes and how the latest cutting edge catalysis research has the potential to change the future of these processes as we know them.


Class Style
Lecture

E6739: Automotive Fundamentals
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Luis Arreola

Cars are everywhere! But how do they flippin' work?!?!?

Cars are one of the most underappreciated and least understood machines that our modern societies are privileged to have. This course will help students develop a basic understanding of how an automobile functions through lecture and the use of working models, example vehicles, and various parts.

We will learn to be able to recognize components under the hood of most cars as well as identify the components and functions of various systems working within the car. Topics will include general engine operation, brake systems, suspension systems, as well as a brief insight in how technology plays a pivotal role in a modern automobile. This course assumes no previous knowledge in automotive technology and all students are welcome to join (including those unable to register due to grade restrictions). Breaks and snacks will be included!


Class Style
Lecture

E6867: Visual Programming 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Akash Levy

Have you ever played a computer game and wondered, "How does that work? Could I make cool graphics like that?" Well it turns out the answer is yes! In this course, we will use Processing, a programming language based on Java, to develop graphics and understand what it takes to make a video game using these ideas. No prior experience is required! If you have prior experience, you are still welcome to join the class--you will work on a more advanced project! We will start with the basics of how a programming language works: variables, syntax, functions. After this, we will learn about Processing and how you can use it to make graphics appear on your screen. Then we will talk about how to make these graphics work in such a way that they can do whatever you want them to (in this case, become a video game). We will move quickly through all the concepts required to do programming. The class will be fun and interactive. We will begin with a presentation, and then we will work in groups of one/two to build our very own games!


Class Style
Activity


Humanities

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H6778: In a Manner of Speaking: An Intro to Linguistics
Difficulty: **

Are you curious about language? Have you ever wondered about what we say and why we say it the way we do? Do you want to learn more about headlines like “Gator attacks puzzle experts”, whether a “stone lion” is really a lion and a “fake gun” is really a gun, and why “get well soon” isn’t a command?

In this course, we’ll take a look at fun and humorous case studies of different kinds of linguistic occurrences. Through in-class experiments and group discussions, we’ll dive into the science (and art) of linguistics together. This class is about you and what you’re interested in, so bring your opinions to the table. We hope you’ll walk out of here excited about language and its quirks and amazed at the intricacies of the way we communicate regardless of the language we speak!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
An open mind and a healthy curiosity for words and language!

H6733: Letters to Your Future Self
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Melodyanne Cheng

Welcome to the art of letter-writing. From creating a well-crafted letter and designing and illustrating a beautiful composition, to envelope art, wax seals and decorations, you'll make your future self a beautiful keepsake and future surprise in the mail.


Class Style
Activity

H6773: Syntax: An Introduction
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ji Hun Wang

(1) I sleep.
(2) *I sleeps.

Why is sentence (1) grammatically accurate while sentence (2) is grammatically inaccurate?
Syntax is a field of linguistics that deals with the structure of languages and the underlying rules behind such structure. Although we are often unaware of grammatical correctness while speaking and writing, we are in fact creating sentences that abide by certain rules. In other words, we are constantly considering syntax and incorporating it in our daily life.

In this class, we will explore and challenge our knowledge of languages, mostly at the sentence level. Our goal is to discuss syntax in a "professional" but fascinating manner with the following topics: syntax as a discipline, syntactic rules and theory of English, fancy syntax trees, syntax of languages all around the world, etc.

If you are interested in languages, want to learn about grammar in general, learn other languages easily, this class will definitely help you.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prerequisite, except for intellectual curiosity and the interest in languages

H6774: Working with Words: An Introduction to Creative Writing
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Divya Ramakrishnan

Modeled after Stanford's English 9CE: Introduction to Creative Writing class, this class is intended for students who are interested in learning more about the creative writing process. We will explore the roles of word choice, syntax, form, imagery, emotions, and much much more in creating pieces of prose and poetry that are truly moving. The course will involve large group didactic sessions interspersed with small group and individual writing and creative expression exercises. So come prepared to read, discuss, and write!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
A willingness to participate

H6848: How Art and Religious Teachings Have Shaped One Another
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eric Zelikman

Religions have historically played important roles in shaping cultures. We'll talk about how this has had differentiating effects on literature, music, and visual art, and moreover, how these media have shaped religious perceptions.


Class Style
Discussion

H6859: To Be or Not To Be Yourself: Getting Into Your Dream School
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sarah Bitter

Most college application advice boils down to one dilemma: being yourself or not being yourself at all. Which one works out better in the end?


Class Style
Lecture

H6875: Fiction and Empathy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ariel Leong

Research has shown that reading fiction can increase empathy. We will read excerpts from several stories and discuss them over snacks.


Class Style
Discussion

H6633: Science and Faith - where the conflict really is
Difficulty: *

How do science and religion see each other? Is there a fundamental conflict? Do they interfere in each other?
In this course, we review the history of science and analyze how its relationship with religion was, namely with the Roman Catholic Church.
We will talk about medieval science, Galileo and the Inquisition, the conflict thesis, the influence of the Jesuits, the Big Bang theory, genetics and evolution, and we end up talking about the two great philosophical assumptions of science and how they relate to Christianity.
Cheers!

PS: the true duration of the course is 1:00, the rest is for questions and for a surprise


Class Style
Seminar

H6775: Bad Guy for a Day
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Angela Yang

We read all about the "good guys," the heroes and heroines, and the world-savers. In this writing workshop, we'll focus on the character development of those who are big-time screw-ups, superheros' headaches, and the opposite of perfect. With the help of some unique writing prompts, we'll create and share stories from their perspectives and (probably) end up wishing we could tag along on their adventures.


Class Style
Activity

H6890: TV and Film Analysis
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Lin

Love film and/or television? Interested in writing it? Want to know its secret structure (and what makes almost all movies/episodes the same)? This is the class for you!

Inspired by FILMPROD 105 at Stanford, this class analyzes film and tv from a writer's perspective, covering topics including stakes, tension, act breaks, Hero's Journey, sub-plot, and theme.

As case studies, we'll watch a comedy episode we watch in class, and break down well-known Pixar films as examples.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Watch Coco and Finding Nemo beforehand if possible.

H6842: A Clean Well-Lighted Place: Existentialist or Nihilist?
Difficulty: ***

This course examines Ernest Hemingway's short story, "A Clean Well-Lighted Place," from 1933. The tale will be the lens through which we explore greater questions of nihilism and existentialism. Upon first read, the story may seem overwhelmingly sad. We hope to push students beyond that initial barrier, and have a conversation about what gives us meaning in life.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Please read the short story before entering class - it is only three pages long. No other prerequisites except an open mind!

H6640: Identity and Spoken Word Poetry
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Leela Srinivasan

This class will be a creative writing workshop in which the students will read poems and watch spoken word videos on different topics, then discuss with one another what aspects of the poems resonated with them (or what didn't!). After each topic, the students will write their own poems and share with the class, encouraging each other's writing.


Class Style
Discussion

H6657: Riding the Korean Wave: Hallyu and Other Aspects of Korean Culture
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Megan Faircloth

안녕하세요! Love K-Pop? What about K-Dramas? Wanna learn some Korean and think critically about Korean culture through a *scholarly* lens? Then this class is for you! Whether you're a new Korean culture enthusiast or you've been watching Coffee Prince since before you were potty trained, welcome, welcome!


Class Style
Seminar

H6847: Appreciating Sadness: Literary Perspectives
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sarah Bitter, Sid SD

There is something intrinsically beautiful about sadness. Sadness, in a sense that isn’t synonymous with tragedy or despair, but with a mutual appreciation for the fact that we, as humans, are woven together by imperfection and an incessant yearning for greater meaning.

This course aims to instill a profound appreciation for the complexity of human sadness through the works of classical and modern literary texts and introspection. We will look closely at a broad range of works from the poetry of Edgar Allan Poe, William Blake, Sylvia Plath and Emily Dickinson to the plays of Chekhov and Shakespeare. Throughout the course, we will delve deeper into the minds of both the creators and the creations to better understand the root of their sadness and how they morphed this abstract emotion into masterpieces of tremendous emotive, aesthetic and intellectual value.

Students who have enrolled in Appreciating Sadness: Aesthetic Perspectives are encouraged to enroll in this course as well, although it is not a prerequisite in any way.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prior experience with literary analysis is required, and snacks will be provided!

H6889: Questioning Everything: What is right? True? Important?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Lin

Are you bored that school is teachers telling you what to think and then you writing it down? This class is the opposite! With the Socratic question-and-answer method of learning, this discussion-style class engages the students' beliefs as we explore challenging questions like "What is right?" and "What is true?" An introduction to various philosophical and ethical theories, as well as thought-provoking thought experiments!


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Anyone with a passion for thinking about tough questions is welcome!

H6644: European Populism: Causes and Consequences
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ben Gardner-Gill

This class investigates European populism as a long-term historical trend, examining a few prominent explanations for populist successes as well as the effects of populist politics on governance and discourse.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A basic understanding of current populist phenomena.

H6577: Existentialism, Nihilism, and Purpose Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Diego Celis

Why are we here? More importantly, what is the point of us even being here? Is it worth it? Is anything worth it? What is worth? Where are we going, and why are we going to begin with?

The philosophical and realistic implications of scientific discoveries have stricken many with great dread, depression, and insecurity regarding the purpose of life and the world around us.

In this discussion seminar, we will seek to explore these issues and concerns to try and find answers within ourselves. A great goal of this class is to share your perspective with others and learn from others' perspectives so that you may enrich your view of your place in the world.

Be warned that this class openly and freely challenges in discussion topics like religion, purpose, and morality. This class will also deal with dark subject matter. However, by treating these subjects with gravitas we will learn and explore a lot about our existence.

NOTE: this class will not take up the entire 105min block. You'll be dismissed early, but feel free to stay to ask questions.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Must have an open mind. Must be able to discuss and challenge topics like religion, purpose, and morality. Must be able to handle discussing dark subject matter. No prior knowledge regarding philosophers or their works is required, as none will be used.

H6658: Riding the Korean Wave: Hallyu and Other Aspects of Korean Culture
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Megan Faircloth

안녕하세요! Love K-Pop? What about K-Dramas? Wanna learn some Korean and think critically about Korean culture through a *scholarly* lens? Then this class is for you! Whether you're a new Korean culture enthusiast or you've been watching Coffee Prince since before you were potty trained, welcome, welcome!


Class Style
Seminar

H6795: Linguistic Archaeology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mary Markley

Proto-Indo-Europeans lived in the late Neolithic period and left very little archaeological evidence. But we do know very specific things about them—their patrilineal society, their focus on animal husbandry, their lack of understanding of silver smelting. How? Their words. No one speaks their language today, but we do have reconstructions of their words based on languages that descended from Proto-Indo-European—languages as diverse as Bengali, Armenian, and English.

Archaeology’s not just digging in the dirt. Come explore how old words can be put together to make discoveries, and how regular sound changes can tell us what words people were using thousands of years ago. We will reconstruct words and show how they can be adapted to fit other languages.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
An interest in linguistics/language/history would probably increase your enjoyment of this class!

H6888: Beginner Mandarin
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Charlie Hoffs

Learn basic Mandarin from scratch! We will look at the stories behind the most common characters. Each word is a little picture with a history-these backstories will help you remember characters and inspire curiosity about Chinese culture!


Class Style
Lecture

H6903: Debunking Caribbean Myths
Difficulty: *

An introduction to modern Caribbean culture through the lens of its tumultuous history. Topics include colonization, the Haitian Revolution, and other major events that impact the Caribbean to this day. The Caribbean's resilience is often overlooked in history books, and we aim to address common misconceptions about the region!


Class Style
Seminar

H6909: Appreciating Sadness: Aesthetic Perspectives
Difficulty: *

There is something intrinsically beautiful about sadness. Sadness, in a sense that isn’t synonymous with tragedy or despair, but with a mutual appreciation for the fact that we, as humans, are woven together by imperfection and an incessant yearning for greater meaning.

This course aims to instill a profound appreciation for the complexity of human sadness through the works of classical and modern art and introspection. We will look closely at a broad range of works from the art of Van Gogh, Leyden, Munch, Legrenée and Picasso to the music of Shostakovich, Verdi, Schubert and modern artists such as Edith Piaf, Lana del Rey and Aurora. We will also examine the film adaptation of Chekov's The Seagull. Throughout the course, we will delve deeper into the minds of both the creators and the creations to better understand the root of their sadness and how they morphed this abstract emotion into masterpieces of tremendous emotive, aesthetic and intellectual value.

Students who have enrolled in Appreciating Sadness: Literary Perspectives are encouraged to enroll in this course as well, although it is not a prerequisite in any way.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prior experience with aesthetic analysis is required, and snacks will be provided!


Life Skills and Hobbies

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L6782: How to Beat Your Friends at Scrabble
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Pontifex

Scrabble is more than a vocabulary test. It is a game full of strategy! Years ago, I read a book that blew my mind with simple tips and tricks that had never occurred to me. Practically overnight, my scores shot up by 50% and the game became MUCH more interesting. After this class, you'll be amazed by how much better your tiles look, and how many more opportunities you see on the board.


Class Style
Lecture

L6908: Finding a Rewarding College Experience
Difficulty: **

Starting college can be intimidating! How do I handle being away from home? How do I decide on a major? How do I balance academics, extracurriculars, a social life, and good health? How do I make the most of my college experience? In this interactive class, we'll discuss various ways to approach college life and how to have a meaningful and enjoyable undergraduate experience!


Class Style
Discussion

L6717: Intro to Event Planning
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vanny Koornwinder

Are you planning a special event for your school or for someone special to you but don’t know what to do? Considering event planning as a future career? You’ve been to an amazing event and wonder how the planner did it? This is the class for you! Discover the step-by-step process in the event planning that fits together to make a successful event.


Class Style
Lecture

L6793: High Performance Driving: Racing Theory and Technique
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Pontifex

Part lecture, part discussion, this class teaches situational awareness that will make students faster on a track and safer on the street. It is taught by a Sports Car Club of America racing driver. Topics include seating position, vision, determining the fastest route through a corner, and maximizing tire grip. The goal is to empower students to become more skilled and more alert drivers.


Class Style
Lecture

L6623: Learn to play Go!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Elisabeth Meyer

Go, also known as weiqi or baduk, is a 2500-year-old board game which makes it the oldest (and funnest) board game still played today. If you like chess or puzzles or even candy crush, this is the game for you. It's easy to pick up but quickly gains complexity as you learn more about it.

Come learn about go, including its history and why computers had so much trouble learning it, and then learn to play!


Class Style
Activity

L6648: Miss CEO: Becoming an Effective Leader
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nita Singh Kaushal

The world needs great leaders to tackle its biggest problems… and that starts with YOU! Although women are underrepresented in today's leadership ranks, this class will inspire and teach you how to position yourself as a leader in high school, college, and beyond. Come learn about relevant leadership skills such as effective negotiation and clear communication that will help you excel in a variety of academic, personal, and professional situations. More importantly you will also learn how to put these skills into practice starting today --including securing dream mentors, finding internships, navigating the college application process, and getting on the right trajectory for career achievement early on. The instructors for this class feature women from the Stanford community who have extensive experience leading and making innovative contributions to their fields. They also have a passion for helping students achieve their leadership potential, which you can learn more about at www.missceo.org.


Class Style
Lecture

L6776: How To Sell Anything
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Marco Mora-Mendoza

How do you persuade people to buy whatever it is that you have to sell? Whether it is a product, a service, or selling your story to the college admissions office, you are always selling something to somebody. Come learn the principles of selling anything from a student who spent his summer cold-calling businesses to sell them advertising space and had to learn everything from scratch.


Class Style
Seminar

L6619: Flavortown: Fruit Salad Party Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Alex Akre, Chau Vo

Learn about your taste buds, nutrition, and how to create a fruit salad with a complete flavor profile. Make your own fruit salad!


Class Style
Activity

L6650: Embroidering and Talking About Life Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Laney Hughes

Students will learn how to hand embroider using a simple back stitch. We will be stitching a Stanford-related design -- pre-patterned embroidery hoops and supplies (needles and embroidery floss) will be offered! While embroidering together, we will talk about academics, hobbies, our backgrounds, or just LIFE, wherever that conversation may go.

This is meant to be a chill event where students can learn the simple but very calming and anxiety-relieving skill of hand embroidery, enjoy each others' company, and bring home a completed embroidery project from Stanford!


Class Style
Discussion

L6655: Beginning Knitting Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sabrina Huang

Come learn how to knit! Materials will be provided, and no previous experience is necessary. We will be learning how to knit a drink coaster or a bookmark (your choice!) from start to finish.

If you have previous experience in knitting and would like to learn how to use more advanced methods (switching colors, cables, yarn overs, etc.), you are welcome to join the class as well.


Class Style
Activity

L6839: What's Love Got To Do With It? Revisioning Healthy Relationships
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Amanda Hayes

In this Splash course, students will examine paradigms of love and romance in popular culture and compare them to lived possibilities of intimate (platonic and romantic) relationships. We will review different models of healthy relationships, discuss how to navigate conflict, and talk about the value of relationships of all sorts.


Class Style
Seminar

L6844: Beliefs, Reality, and the Space in Between Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Selwin George

Predictably enough, our "Stone-Age" brains tend to perform less than perfectly when faced with 21st century realities. Locating truth is a tall order as is, but accurately translating our sense-data into beliefs is often times a taller one. This course will introduce common cognitive biases, insubstantial beliefs, bad explanations, and techniques for detecting them even when they lie low.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A most basic concept of probability

L6653: Bird Basics
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rebecca Shi

Have you ever seen a brightly colored bird in your backyard or a raptor flying overhead, and wondered what it was? Come learn a few basics of birdwatching and how to identify backyard and other common birds! You will also learn how to use a field guide to help you identify a bird. After an indoor introduction to bird identification, we will head outside to search for the common birds around Stanford.

Designed for students who have no experience with identifying birds, but an enthusiasm to learn about the natural world.


Class Style
Activity

L6666: Intro to Personal Finance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Ko

What does it mean to take out a loan? How do we effectively use credit? Why are so many Americans in debt? Learning about personal finance can help you avoid money problems down the road and empower you to reach your goals.

In this class, we will discuss what you will want to know about finances to make smart decisions with your money. Come find out little steps that you can take now to practice and build better money habits.

Please bring any questions you would like to discuss about personal finance. Note that this is NOT purely an investing class, though we may talk a little about how investing may fit into your saving strategy.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
This class is geared towards complete beginners. If you don’t know or understand credit scores, budgeting, or interest rates, then this is the class for you.

L6845: Let's Talk LinkedIn
Difficulty: **

Not wanting to feel LinkedOut? Confused on how to make a strong LinkedIn profile, just starting out with your online presence, or want some tips on how to improve what you've got? Having been exactly where you are, we know how frustrating and vague the whole thing can feel. What is a professional social network, anyway?

In this workshop, we'll share some challenges and tricks of curating a professional online presence that will help you along as you develop your career and life experiences. If you haven't made a LinkedIn yet, you'll leave this class with one! We're here to help you figure it all out. Are you ready? Let's get you Linked...In!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Nothing but an appetite for learning and an open mind! :)

L6879: What do we like about ourselves? Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Inyoung Choi

This course aims to talk about exactly that – what do we like about ourselves? We're all worth celebrating for who we are! Let's talk about us. What gets us excited? What gets us thinking? What makes us happy? And let's celebrate all of us for who we are. Can't wait to get to know you ❤


Class Style
Discussion

L6898: How to Be a Leader Full!
Difficulty: **

Are you a leader? Do you want to be? Our interactive workshop will consider what it means to be a leader and how each of us can be a leader in our own life. If you already see yourself as a leader, this class is for you. If you don't yet see yourself as a leader, this class definitely is for you!


Class Style
Seminar

L6880: Listen Up! Peer Counseling Skills
Difficulty: **

Want to learn how to better support your friends and classmates? This class is meant for anyone who wants to learn how to be a better listener - whether that is in the role of a friend, teacher, ally or complete stranger.

This class is taught by counselors from the Bridge, Stanford's student-run peer counseling center.


Class Style
Seminar

L6709: How to Educate Your Parents Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Elena Semeyko

Do you wish your parents understood better what you're going through? Knew more about school or college life?
Do you want to help them with their professional development? Or just find a new way to spend quality time together?
Then you may need to switch from student's role to the role of educator / facilitator.

In this class, we will use design thinking techniques to brainstorm and discuss ideas on how to:
1) educate your parents on subjects that are important to you
2) help parents to learn things that are important to them

Be prepared to interact with other participants. Whiteboards and sticky notes are on us.


Class Style
Activity

L6878: Bird-watching Basics on Stanford Campus
Difficulty: *

Do you like birds and the outdoors? Or do you want to learn about the wildlife in your backyard? In this activity, we will walk around the Stanford campus (Oval & Cactus Garden) looking for and identifying local bird species. We have a good chance of seeing hummingbirds, woodpeckers, phoebes, kinglets, towhees, etc. You will learn birdwatching basics, including using a field guide to identify birds. You may be surprised how many different kinds of birds are living right on the Stanford campus.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No prior experience at all is required or expected

L6705: Staying afloat with facts in America's media maelstrom
Difficulty: ***

What do Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, Buzzfeed and public television have in common? They're now in the news business!

In recent years, media organizations have simultaneously undergone rapid proliferation and consolidation. News organizations are subject to clear professional standards set in place by journalists for responsible reporting, but many companies popular today escape easy categorization as traditional news organizations. Can social media outlets like Facebook and Twitter be trusted at all? Is everything reported today just fake news anyway?

These are turbulent times for the truth-seeking among us, but we're here to help! Take this class to review quality news-reading habits and jumpstart your civic life as an informed American, and remember: facts never go out of style.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
A hunger for facts!

L6900: History of Esports
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Michael Espinosa

A lecture on the history of competitive gaming from its origins (which started right here at Stanford) to the global tournaments, online personalities and exciting games we have today.


Class Style
Lecture

L6671: Owning Education
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Itamar Orr

This class is about the learners aspect of education - how to best navigate education systems, where to be honest, and who's job is it to educate you anyways. I plan to review the basic axioms of finance, investment, and inflation, including all the assumptions of free market economics. We will learn about the financial players such as banks and review different popular sources of savings and income. By the end of the class you will be able to contribute to economic discussions and provide financial advice to your communities, as well as evaluate financial decisions.


Class Style
Discussion

L6711: The #MeToo Era: Dating and Sexual Violence in a Half Woke World
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Abby Tarquinio

Society sends confusing signals on what is and isn't okay and it can be so hard to know the difference! This class aims to teach how to build healthy relationships and to identify the can and can-nots for upperclassmen as they prepare to enter college.


Class Style
Lecture

L6722: Entrepreneurship 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ananya Kapoor

What exactly is entrepreneurship? and what exactly are you supposed to do once you have an idea?
If you have ever thought about the answers to these questions, this is the class for you!
It will be a fun discussion based class where we will talk about the basics of Entrepreneurship and what to do once you have an idea! No prior experience is needed!


Class Style
Discussion

L6902: The Science of Stoked - How to Feel Mentally Awesome
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

This class will go through the best ways to make yourself feel stoked AKA totally awesome. We'll talk about the latest science and experiments about how to live a happy, well-adjusted life. I'll share some stories of my patients and my life for how to feel the best ever.


Class Style
Lecture

L6572: Introduction to West Coast Swing Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Enze Chen, Elaine Lui

West coast, best coast. Come and learn this super chill, super fun style of social dance with us! We will work on basic steps and figures in WCS, with emphasis on technique that will improve your partnering and dancing, even for beginners.

For an idea of what actual pros look like, see: https://youtu.be/JZtUX36MrI4?t=3


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No experience necessary, but a certain maturity is required for partner dancing. No need to take this class with a partner, as we'll be rotating through class. Please bring/wear socks, and be mindful of personal hygiene.

L6654: Teaching Pedagogy 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Soren Rosier

Moments constantly arise where we'd like to better understand someone's thinking. Occasionally, we'd like to teach someone something and we really care that they understand it. Perhaps you've considered being a tutor or an educator. This class will explore learning theory and prepare you to leave with new teaching skills... and maybe even some new life skills.


Class Style
Activity

L6745: How to Scale an Idea: Acquire, Engage, and Retain Customers
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Brooks

The focus of this course is on the next steps that entrepreneurs can take after developing an idea in order to scale it. We will explore modern growth strategies used by early-stage companies to attract, acquire, activate, engage, and retain customers. In particular, we will discuss digital marketing channels: paid search, social media, SEO / content, display advertising, emails, retargeting, etc. And we will define success metrics (e.g., cost per click, conversion rate, etc.) as well as examine methods and analytical tools to improve them. We will also consider the effectiveness of marketing strategies based on the lifetime value and costs of different customer types. The class will be discussion-based, allowing students to learn about these concepts in the context of case studies as well as their own ideas.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Desire to start and grow a business or interest in marketing


Lunch

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L6752: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.

L6751: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.


Mathematics and Computer Science

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M6840: Art and Artificial Intelligence
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eric Zelikman

Computers are generating art which people find value in and can't differentiate from that made by humans. Understand recent progress in art generation including music, literature, visual art and see them in action. Discuss the broader implications of these developments on art and society.


Class Style
Seminar

M6891: Artificial Intelligence for Sustainability
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Aditya Grover

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) applications are all around us: the voice behind our phone assistants, the search and recommendation engines on the internet, and most recently, the self-driving cars we are beginning to see on our roads.
Besides providing these services, how else can AI and ML contribute to sustainable development?

In this class, we will look at some of the most exciting advances of AI/ML in the pursuit of sustainable development. These are 17 goals recognized by the United Nations, and include poverty, hunger, health, education, climate change, water, energy, and environment. The class will consist of two case studies (and demos) in light of these goals. With each of these studies, we will lay special focus on how to model these problems from a computational perspective. Finally, we will devote the last half of this class to open challenges and how each one of us as citizen scientists can contribute to these worldwide efforts in using artificial intelligence and machine learning for building a sustainable planet.


Class Style
Lecture

M6899: Steganography: Hiding data in plain sight Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Dan Johnson

We will go through a few techniques of hiding data within different forms of data. That is, we will hide text messages within images, audio files, and source code.


Class Style
Activity

M6753: Getting a Grasp on Graphs!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Alyssa Lyn Fortier

And I'm not talking about the boring old coordinate plane - instead, let's explore the mathematical field of graph theory! Graph theory is used to describe pairwise relationships between objects, and it has applications in biology, computer science, social science, linguistics, and more! In this class, you'll learn about the historical foundations of graph theory as well as current applications, but most importantly, you'll get a feel for the intuition through hands-on activities and competitions!


Class Style
Activity

M6767: Street Fighting Mathematics
Difficulty: **

How do you make a good educated guess? How do you easily remove wrong answer choices on an exam?

In this class, we will learn how to simplify and approximate a wide range of questions ranging from quickly estimating square roots to guessing probability in drawing cards. This class will also involve mathematical puzzles and how to tackle them.

By the end of the class, students will be able to gain a deeper intuitive understanding of the mathematical and physical laws that shape our universe.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic high school algebra and geometry is recommended

M6846: Computing (Fun)damentals
Difficulty: **

Ever suspected that computer science was more than just programming? Ever been excited by this suspicion? Ever wonder about the basic, fundamental building blocks that go into computer science, from graph theory to bit-shifting to recursion to logic gates? Never heard of these concepts before, but think they sound cool? Come join us to dive into these intriguing computing fundamentals!

Inspired by the Written computer theory questions on the American Computer Science League tournament questions, we're going to be exploring some of these fundamental concepts that will no doubt show up again if you plan to pursue computer science as a field of study (in more places than you'd expect). These concepts might sound daunting and complicated on the surface, but they can actually be really fun and accessible when you look at them from the right angle. That's what this class is for! We're assuming no background in these concepts at all, and only ask that you bring a curiosity to learn. :)


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Curiosity and a healthy appetite for learning! :)

M6669: Experiments in Extra-Sensory Perception [ESP]
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Paul Switzer

Experiments in Extra-Sensory Perception [ESP]

1.Survey of class members’ views and beliefs regarding psychic phenomena

2.Historical review of ESP experiments – including those at Stanford

3.In-class ESP experimentation using paired class members [includes web-based experiments]

4.Summarizing results of the in-class experiments -- how to present results of experiments

5.How to tell the difference between ESP and pure luck


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Algebra

M6713: The Mathematics of Magic
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Daniel Stanley

Ever wondered how people come up with magic tricks? Ever thought some math proofs were so clever it almost seemed like magic? Love card tricks but too clumsy to pull off any sleight of hand? In this class you'll learn the secrets behind some math-based card tricks that are sure to impress even your most number-savvy friends. We'll explore strategies like Hummer arrangements, de Bruijn sequences, and the Gilbreath principle for performing magic tricks and even inventing your own.


Class Style
Seminar

M6755: Game Playing with Reinforcement Learning
Difficulty: *****
Teachers: Bradley Emi

We will teach you how to train a computer to play games like Atari Pong, Breakout and Space Invaders!

We'll first introduce convolutional neural networks, a popular tool in machine learning. Then we'll teach the Q-learning algorithm, which will allow us to use a neural network to teach a computer how to behave intelligently in an active environment, like a game.

Then you'll write your own code to train an AI to play games, and see if you can beat your own code!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of computer programming in Python is mandatory. Calculus (specifically knowing what a derivative is) would be helpful although it is not necessary.

M6786: Cryptography
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Armin Namavari

How is your information kept secure? What mathematical tools enable us to keep secrets, thwart malicious tampering, and establish the identities of others on the internet? We'll cover a broad variety of topics from encryption, integrity, public key cryptography, digital signatures, key exchange, as well as a brief survey of how these ideas interplay in modern technologies such as cryptocurrencies.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Good familiarity with algebra and mathematical notation.

M6791: Persuasive Technologies
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Golrokh Emami

Persuasion is a great skill to have. Is it possible to automate it?
In this class we will explore the field of persuasive technologies and behavior change systems, a field where Artificial Intelligence, Human Computer Interaction, behavioral science, and psychology are combined to change users’ minds and habits gradually.


Class Style
Lecture

M6886: Brain Teasers and Logic Puzzles!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ethan Chi, Emily Wen

Challenge your mind in this hands-on class! We'll be presenting and trying all kinds of fun logic puzzles. Some puzzles we'll be exploring will include logic grid puzzles, word puzzles, deduction puzzles, and the Beautiful Line game.


Class Style
Activity

M6706: Learning from Data: Intro to Exploratory Data Analysis
Difficulty: **

Modern tech companies make their fortune by dealing in data. Capturing, storing, and -- above all -- learning from data drives the modern economy.

How do we learn from data? Long before running complicated algorithms, data scientists perform Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) to begin the learning process.

In this interactive, discussion-based course, we will analyze datasets together, and discover how to learn from data.


Class Style
Discussion

M6732: Intro to CS using Java
Difficulty: ****

This class will cover basic logical concepts in computer science. We will use the Java programming language and code in an online IDE.

We will be working with "hard code" as opposed to something graphics-based like Alice, Scratch, Greenfoot, etc. because I feel I can best teach with code, not drag-and-drop graphical interfaces.To clarify: We will be writing code and reading textual output; not making mini graphical games or building websites.

Due to our highly limited time, we will move quickly. My goal is to give you exposure to many fundamental programming concepts (and their Java syntax) such as variable declarations, I/O, for and while loops, and if statements. I will also briefly address more general ideas in computer science such as other programming languages, IDEs, APIs, comments, and debugging. We will not cover object orientation due to time constraints.

This class is designed to give beginners a taste of the logic and mechanics involved in entry-level computer programming. Those with prior CS experience are welcome but should note that I will be starting from the beginning. Due to our limited time, we will not be able to do exercises on every concept I cover, so this class is probably *most* useful to someone who is going to continue studying CS after this class so they can solidify their understanding of the concepts I introduce. I will address avenues for continuing CS study (e.g. online MOOCs, high school classes, etc.) in class as well.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
familiarity with algebra is highly preferred

M6869: Immersive Technology: New Realities Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Khoi Le

Ever wanted to blast robots in space, paint in three-dimensions, or become the guardian of a medieval castle? In virtual reality, anything is possible. Come learn about the blossoming industry of immersive technology, also known as virtual and augmented reality, mixed reality, or XR. We'll take turns trying different types of XR experiences and talking about the possibilities for the future of XR.


Class Style
Activity

M6777: Quaternions: A Story in Four Dimensions
Difficulty: *****
Teachers: Max Spero, Owen Wang

Imagine winding the hour hand of a clock back from 4 o’clock to midnight. Mathematicians have long known how to describe this rotation as a simple multiplication: A number representing the initial position of the hour hand on the plane is multiplied by another constant number. But is a similar trick possible for describing rotations through space? William Hamilton, one of the most prolific mathematicians of the 19th century, struggled for more than a decade to find the math for describing rotations in three dimensions. The answer is surprisingly complicated, yet beautiful: points in a four-dimensional number system, the space of quaternions.

In this 45-minute lecture, we will cover the history of quaternions from Hamilton to their immense influence on the modern development of math and physics. We will also cover the spatial intuition and theoretical backing behind them: a circle lives in two dimensions, and a sphere in three. With quaternions, can we lift these structures into a fourth one? Find out at Splash!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Algebra 2/Trigonometry or equivalent, and onward.

M6906: Graph Theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Katherine Sytwu

What do maps, Facebook, and power grids all have in common? They can be studied with graph theory! These aren't the graphs you're used to - instead, these graphs help us study things that have connections with one another. In this class, we'll learn about some basic concepts in graph theory and how it can be applied to problems in our daily lives.


Class Style
Seminar

M6756: Web Design 101 Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ashley Amado

Have you ever wanted to make your own website from scratch? Or wondered how lines of code can be translated into pictures and colors? In this class we will be building websites from the ground-up, covering basic elements of design as well as the basics of CSS and HTML.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No prior experience is necessary, though comfort with typing is recommended.

M6838: How do hackers break into computers? Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: a a

Computer and network security has been in the news frequently over the past year. Hackers breach businesses and governments to steal confidential information and wreak havoc on their systems. Learn the basic techniques hackers use to do this and how programmers should create more secure systems.


Class Style
Lecture

M6904: Combinatorial Mathematics Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Siah Yong Tan

Learn all about combinatorial mathematics! In this class, you will learn some of the basic techniques of combinatorial mathematics, as well as try your hand at some simple problems. Learn about techniques like pigeonhole principle, coloring and double counting, and play fun math games. Yes, that's right! Fun math games! They definitely exist! Definitely!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Can add. Can subtract. Can multiply. Can divide.

M6885: Incompleteness Theorems
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Coen Armstrong

Fairly accessible way into some of the most interesting results in the foundations of mathematics. I use algorithmic information theory to prove the infinitude of the primes, and apply similar ideas to prove Chaitin’s incompleteness theorem. This results in proofs of Godel’s theorems. We’ll also discuss this simple information theory based approach versus the classical proof technique for Godel’s First Theorem, in the context of analogous paradoxes from non-mathematical logic, which may include (time permitting) a sketch of Godel’s proof of his first theorem.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Some familiarity with proofs. Interest in theoretical mathematics.


Physical Education

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P6652: Playground Games
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hayden Payne

Is recess your favorite subject? Do you like running around outdoors? Do you want to play games with some new friends? Then this class is for you! We will be learning some new playground games and also playing old favorites like Sharks and Minnows, Freeze Tag, and Red Light, Green Light


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Please bring a positive attitude and practice mutual respect. Comfortable clothing is recommended

P6828: Ultimate Frisbee!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Armin Namavari

All levels welcome! We'll first cover the basics of throwing and catching, go over the rules of the game, and then dive deeper into strategies for offense and defense. We'll also learn some fun variations e.g. "Three Flags Up," "Mini," etc. We'll get it a good deal of playing time towards the end. Feel free to bring cleats if you have them, but they are definitely not required.


Class Style
Activity


Social Sciences

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S6710: Think Like an Archaeologist!

What do archaeologists do? In this class, we’ll learn how an archaeological site forms, practice making archaeological observations, and discuss how archaeology can help us understand the human past and present. We’ll work with real archaeological artifacts from the Stanford area as we practice these skills.


Class Style
Activity

S6580: How was the Constitution Created?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Darius Namazi

The U.S. Constitution is a document that is debated on a daily basis. It serves as the bedrock of our country and influences our lives in nearly every aspect.

This course will delve into how the Constitution was created. Principally, we will take a deep dive into the Constitutional Convention of 1787: the convention where the Constitution was actually written. We will look at the background that led up to the Convention and the day to day events and debates that shaped one of our founding documents. We will also look at several amendments to the Constitution as examples of the amendment process.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A knowledge of American government will be beneficial for this course. AP Government & Politics or American Government is recommended but not required.

S6792: What's the Right Price of Two Dice?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yichuan Wang

Let's play a game. You roll a die, I roll a die, and we keep what we each got a secret. Now let's run an auction on the two dice. We both submit bids, and the person with the highest bid gets a score equal to the sum of the two dice minus his or her bid. What's the best strategy for playing this game? In this class we're going to dive into the math and economics behind this game and explore concepts like "Nash Equilibrium" and "Common Value Auction" and see how this knowledge guides the strategies companies use when bidding over natural resource rights.

I've taught this class in the past for a math circle at the University of Michigan for high schoolers. For a more complete syllabus, please email me and I can send you my notes from last time.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Algebra Basic Probability

S6907: The Future of Cities, Living, and Mobility
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Chan

"Smart", "walkable" cities? Urban technology and behavioral psychology? Housing/ transit sustainability and economics? How does Uber/Lyft, AI, or data privacy factor into all of this?

Join us for a lecture & discussions of the Future of Cities, intriguing urban technology, shifting urban living and societal paradigms, and what will happen between then & now.

Topics include: zoning laws, housing crises, AI & big data, international case studies, environmental sustainability, social psychology, economics, law, and much more

You'll leave with an array of knowledge about brilliant cities around the world, current pitfalls and potential improvements, and new insights about the cities right around you.

Here's a taste:
https://www.citylab.com/transportation/2018/10/while-america-suffocated-transit-other-countries-embraced-it/572167/

https://www.engadget.com/2018/03/16/alphabet-google-sidewalk-labs-toronto-quayside/


Class Style
Lecture

S6735: Why is English so weird?
Difficulty: **

Why is English pronunciation so complicated? This course is a introduction to historical linguistics. We will first look into the phonetically-inconsistent spellings of the modern English language, and trace back to Middle English to find its roots, from Norman Conquest, the great vowel shift, to caught-cot merger.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
able to speak/has learned another language (at any level)

S6649: Learning how to learn: Concrete learning strategies pulled from research on learning and cognition Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Katie Cheng

You've been in school most of your life...but has anyone taught you the most effective strategies for how to learn? Come to this interactive workshop, and learn how to learn! We'll pull from research in education, psychology, cognitive science, and behavioral economics, and teach you strategies for all aspects of learning: staying motivated, memorizing information, understanding tough concepts, staying focused, managing your time and resources, and more! These skills take time and practice, so come check out this intro to learning how to learn, and get ready to implement some of these ideas in your own lives!


Class Style
Discussion

S6861: Risk and Reward! Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Harry Thaman

Want to understand how the prices of stocks get chosen? Like strategy games? Are you interested in participating in a simulation of the stock market? If so, this is the class for you.

This class is based off an activity designed by Salman Khan the creator of Khan academy. Over the course of 2 hours, 5 students will play against each other in the board game Risk. Everyone else will get to participate in a stock market simulation where the value of the stocks is tied to the outcome of the game. Strategize your way to victory or bid your way to wealth and fame.

(No experience with Risk or the Stock Market required. No actual wealth available from winning. Fame may be extremely minor. Should be a great time regardless!)


Class Style
Activity

S6835: Is it Ethical? Full!
Difficulty: **

Over $100 million was donated to the Ice Bucket Challenge in 2014, bringing widespread awareness to ALS. While it was an impressive feat, had the money been donated charities combating other medical issues, diseases like malaria might not even be a problem today. But who gets to determine how we spend our money? Are there "more ethical" and "less ethical" advertising campaigns? How do we decide which factors matter in our decision, and how do we reason whether or not they're "ethical"? In this short course, we will be learning how to structure arguments to debate cases involving ethical dilemmas, from investigative journalism to doctor's responses to treating patients in instances of natural disasters.


Class Style
Activity

S6579: The U.S. Supreme Court: An Introduction
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Darius Namazi

This course will give an overview of the United States Supreme Court. We will investigate the various ways in which a legal dispute can reach the Supreme Court and the mechanics of how the Court decides cases.

In addition, we will look at the nine justices of the Court and their judicial philosophies. We will analyze recent decisions of the Court in order to achieve these goals.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A basic understanding of American government will be beneficial but is not required.

S6896: How to build a startup? (HBS 101)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Shaurya Mehta

The class will discuss the various processes involved in creating a start-up like problem identification, solution building, etc. The students will be given an opportunity to create their own ventures in groups of four or five.


Class Style
Activity

S6766: Understanding Memory -Insights from Cognitive Science
Difficulty: **

Why is it so hard to remember class material for a test? Why are some memories more vivid than others? Why can certain smells trigger highly emotional memories?

This class hits some of the highlights of what is currently known about memory and learning in Psychology. We'll discuss how memory works and share strategies on how you can improve your own memory. After this course, you'll have a better appreciation for how memory contributes to our consciousness and personhood.


Class Style
Seminar

S6617: Happiness and Meaning: Insights from Psychology Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rhiannon Catapano

What sorts of choices and experience make us happier? This class explores insights from psychology on how to spend time in ways that can lead to meaning and happiness.


Class Style
Lecture

S6854: The Cuban Missile Crisis
Difficulty: **

The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the most dangerous moments in history. President John F. Kennedy believed the chance of nuclear war during the crisis was “one in three and even.” The Cuban Missile Crisis offers powerful lessons about crisis management and the danger of nuclear weapons. Join this class to learn more about this critical event in history, and try your own hand at handling a nuclear crisis.


Class Style
Seminar

S6741: What do you mean?: Language Meaning
Difficulty: **
Teachers: William Dunlop

What do words mean? How do words mean? This seminar-style class will take a look at semantics - the study of meaning in language, and its applications in everyday life.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
bilingual/have studied another language before

S6743: Language similarity: A brief history of language and an exploration of the Romance language family
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: William Dunlop

Let's take a look at some languages that have a lot in common and see what we can find out about the history of language as a whole! We will cover a brief history of the development of language in the world, then narrow our focus to Europe, where we will be looking specifically at Spanish, French, and Catalan from a linguistic point of view.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
1-2yrs study of Spanish, French or equivalent experience


Visual and Performing Arts

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A6659: How to take better photos with any camera
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Arnout Boelens

Whether you are taking photos with your phone or with a single-lens reflex camera, there are some simple tricks you can use to improve your photos.


Class Style
Lecture

A6720: Taylor Swift, meet Bach
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vishesh Gupta

What do Taylor Swift and Bach have in common? In this class we will investigate the underpinnings of music, starting with notes, intervals, and moving up to chords and chord progressions.

Then we will look at famous old composers and compare their music to the modern generation!

You'll be able to write yourself a hit song at the end of this class :)


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Should be able to read the notes on the staff. This class is geared towards students who have yet to learn music theory, but have played music. There are many ways to learn the notes online should you want to take the class but not know how yet.

A6765: Improvise!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Toby Frager

Do you want to make music? Anyone can create their own songs instantly by learning how to improvise. The class will be a short lesson on how to improvise followed by a jam with all students.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No musical or instrumental skills required!

A6718: Harmony Hacks Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Vishesh Gupta

Tired of the same old 4-chord songs?

We're going to discuss the following tools to spice up your chord changes

-- color chords and related scales
-- chord substitutions
-- changing the cadence
-- modulating keys
-- going modal
-- and more!

Everything is subjective so come prepared make your own judgements, and expand your ears!
I'll not be talking at you - we'll be holding a group discussion about these ideas.

If you'd like (it's optional) you can bring:
- a song you like that you'd like to add color to
- a song you like that you want to analyze/reharmonize together
- cool ideas for tonality you've heard about somewhere
- or anything else you feel is relevant.

I'll also leave the last half of class open for you to bring up your own ideas so we can discuss them openly together.
I also have many resources to share with you at the end of class so you can continue exploring!


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
C Dm G7 C is a I ii V7 I chord change. Yes? No? If you know, you're good. In general - strong understanding of how chords work and how to read chord symbols. You can teach yourself by playing around: http://www.tsmp.org/keyboard/lias/pdf/symbols.pdf. There are many good resources for learning basic chord symbols and analysis, so don't feel shy about not knowing everything before you sign up - you can brush up your skills before class if you get in!

A6714: Synthesizing Sounds from Scratch Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Reece Akana

This class will cover how to create basic melodic synth sounds from scratch using a virtual synthesizer. The following questions will be addressed: How does sound work? What are the sounds we hear comprised of? What makes a note sound musical? What makes something sound "natural"? How do you make some of the most common synth leads, basses, plucks, etc. that we hear in electronic music?
Towards the end of class, students will help design some synth sounds based on what was covered.


Class Style
Activity

A6787: The Business of Fashion
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ashley Overbeek

As Dries Van Noten stated in his eponymous documentary, fashion is a commodified art form by its very nature. The industry toes a delicate balance between selling clothes and maintaining artistic integrity (and in the case of some luxury brands, maintaining exclusivity). In this course, take a look at the diverse business structures and economics of the fashion industry, delving into case studies on Louis Vuitton, Supreme and Palace Skateboards, and Burberry. After learning the basics, you'll be able to work through a hands-on fashion business activity with other students (materials provided)!


Class Style
Seminar

A6575: An Introduction to Bollywood Dance
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Archana Verma

Come learn how to "shimmy" and "thumka" in this introductory Bollywood dance class and be the Priyanka Chopra to your Nick Jonas!

Bollywood refers to the Indian film industry centered in Bombay (now Mumbai). Bollywood movies are known for their intermittent musical numbers with lots of dancing. Bollywood dance is known to be an energetic, freestyle dance, fusing a variety of other dance styles - from indian classical and indian folk, to hip hop, and contemporary.

A short choreography will be taught in this class - beginners are encouraged!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None, other than being excited to dance and willing to learn! All dance backgrounds (including none!) welcome :)

A6768: How Do Music Tell Stories?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andy Jiang

Tension and resolution. This is the key to storytelling through movies, games, and especially music. We will analyze examples from pop music, movie soundtracks and video game BGMs and find out how musicians use one powerful tool - chords - to build different progressions and tell different stories.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prior music knowledge required.

A6837: 101 Ways of Expressing Yourself
Difficulty: **

Come experiment with various media to express yourself.
Explore different identities and ways in which you can communicate yourself to other people.

Possibilities include but are not limited to:
> Choreographing your own dance
> Drawing a self-portrait
> Making your own music video


Class Style
Activity

A6853: Music Theory 101: How to Make a Song People Will Like Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Justin Tinker

Ever wanted to make a song, but had no idea where to start?

This class will go over basic chord progressions and improvisation techniques in pop music and jazz music, such as the 1-5-6-4 progression and the blues scale.

At the end, students will be able to experiment with generating their own melodies and motifs using a digital keyboard.


Class Style
Activity

A6716: Performing Shakespeare
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Diego Dew, Nik Wesson

Like bad puns? Fake deaths? Love triangles? Secret twins??? Come join StanShakes and learn all about the original soap operas.

Shakespeare is ridiculous and beautiful, but also super confusing and weird. (Godgigoden! Gramercy! 'Sblood!) We will teach you how to understand and perform Shakespeare so you can impress your friends. No acting experience is required, but a willingness to be silly is highly recommended.


Class Style
Activity

A6723: A Cappella 101

Like Pentatonix? Hamilton? So do we! We are Stanford O-Tone: one of Stanford's many and varied a cappella groups. Together we'll be learning how to harmonize, beatbox and blend—and finding out how to control vocal muscles you never knew you had voluntary control over.

This workshop will focus on all the basic skills you need to sing a cappella with a group. Absolutely no experience required.


Class Style
Activity

A6895: Lights of the Night - Introduction to Night and Astrophotography Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chor Seng Tan

Ever seen an amazing photograph of a starry night sky? The Milky Way? The Northern Lights? Attend this class to learn some basics of photography and understand how these photographs can be taken under some of the most challenging conditions when the most important element - light - is in short supply.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A keen interest in photography!